TEST - 1
SECTION - II
In each of the following questions, a related pair of words or phrases is
followed by five optional pairs of words or phrases. Select the option that best
expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.
(A) Cure: Recovery.
(B) Narcotic: Sleep.
(C) Stimulant: Replace.
(D) Tonic: Lethargy.
(E) Resuscitation: Breathing.
An antidote is a
to relieve, prevent, or
counteract the effects of poison. A poison is a substance that causes death or harm if absorbed by a
living being. An antidote works against poison.
(a) Cure - means to being back a person to healthy or remedy a
disease. Recovery is to become well again or to regain
health. A cure doesn't work against recovery.
(b) Narcotic: It is a drug that includes sleep or rest. A
narcotic doesn't work against sleep. In fact it may induce
(c) Stimulant: It is a drink of drug that increases bodily or mental
activity. To relapse is to fall back again especially after recovery
from illness into ill health. It is incorrect to say that a
stimulant works against relapse.
(d) Tonic is medicine that gives strength or energy. Lethargy - It
is a state of being tired, uninterested, lacking in energy. A
tonic works against lethargy by giving strength and energy.
(e) Resuscitation: Bringing back to consciousness. Does not work against
breathing i.e. inhaling and exhaling. In fact to resuscitate is to
revive breathing and thereby consciousness.
The correct answer is option D.
Percent correctly answered: 46.
(A) Abysmal: Low.
(B) Cogent: Contentious.
(C) Fortuitous: Accidental.
(D) Reckless: Threatening.
(E) Cataclysmic: Doomed.
Stygian: Refers to the
river Styx, in the world of the dead in Greek mythology. It
has implications of being dark, since it is the lower or the nether
world. Dark implies having little or no light. What is Stygian is
words are thus synonymous in nature.
(a) Abysmal means bottomless or can refer to fathomless
Figuratively, it can imply low performance, wretchedness, or being
bottom. Low figuratively means an inferior performance e.g. in an
examination, therefore figuratively similar to abysmal.
(b) Cogent is strong and convincing, contention is quarrelsome. What is
convincing is not quarrelsome.
(c) Fortuitous: means lucky and fortunate, accidental means
unexpected. What is lucky and fortunate and happening by chance is
not necessarily accidental in the sense that what is unexpected may or
may not be lucky or fortunate. What is unexpected may have grave
or serious consequences.
(d) Reckless: Is rash and unthinking of consequences - threatening
implies use of force or serious consequences. What is reckless is
(e) Cataclysmic: is a reference to sudden violent change i.e. Flood,
earthquake war. What is doomed is fated or destined to totally ruin or
utter destruction. What is cataclysmic. e.g. : A flood or an earthquake
is not destined or doomed for utter destruction in the future. A
cataclysm may result in doom. It is incorrect to say a cataclysm is
The correct answer is option A.
Percent correctly answered: 39.
(A) Generation: Pyre.
(B) Burial: Mortuary.
(C) Weapon: Centurion.
(D) Massacre: Invasion.
(E) Prediction: Augury.
Worship is religious practice in respect and reverence to a deity. Sacrifice, literally
mean killing of animals, as an act of worship. Sacrifice is a form
of worship. It is ritual of worship.
(a) Generation means bringing into existence or a line of descendants.
Pyre: is a large pile of wood for burning a corpse. i.e. a funeral pile.
A pyre is not an act of generation.
(b) Burial: is to enter or fury a dead body. Mortuary is a room or
building (part of a hospital) where dead bodies are kept until they are
disposed of. Mortuary is not a form of burial.
(c) Weapon: A weapon is an instrument designed for use in fighting. A centurion in
Ancient Rome was a leader of a unit of 100 soldiers. Thus there is no
direct connection between weapon and centurion; one is not an act of the
(D) A massacre is cruel killing of a large number of defenseless people.
Invasion is the act of entering a country with armed forces with
intent to attack. An invasion
is not an act of massacre, as it may or may not lead to a massacre. It
might end in defeat for the invaders.
(E) A prediction is to say or tell in advance or to prophesy.
Augury is the ceremony or the act of an augury, a religious official in
ancient Rome, who claimed to foretell future events by signs from the
entrails of birds. An augury is an act of prediction.
The correct answer is thus option E.
Percent correctly answered: 36.
(A) Dote: Like.
(B) Lag: Stray.
(C) Vex: Please.
(D) Earn: Desire.
(E) Recast: Explain.
To upbraid means to
scold for doing something wrong. To reproach is to find fault, usually
mildly. These are related by degree. To upbraid is to reproach
(A) To dote is to show too much affection or fondness. To like
is to be
pleased with, be fond of, have a preference for. To dote is to like
intensely or strongly.
(B) To lag is to
go slow; to stray is to wander or lose one's way. Going too slowly
is not a stronger form of wandering from one's way.
(C) To vex means
to annoy, distress, or trouble. To please is to make glad or happy.
incorrect to say that vex or annoy is to please strongly.
(D) To earn is
secure or deserve as a result of one's efforts. To
desire is to long for or wish. To earn is not to desire
(E) To recast
means to make
or fashion anew, to improve the form by reconstruction. To explain is to
make plain or clear, to show the meaning of. To recast is not to
The correct answer is option A.
Percent correctly answered: 35.